pISSN : 1598-706X / eISSN : 2288-8381
한국주조공학회지 (29권6호 270-276)
Morphology and Segregation of Sulfide Inclusions in Cast Steels (II) (Influence of [Mn/S] Ratios on the Morphology of Sulfide Inclusions in Fe-Mn-S Alloys)
주강의 유화물 형태와 편석에 대한 연구 (II) (Fe-Mn-S 합금의 유화물 형태에 미치는 Mn/S비의 영향)
Heung-Il Park, Ji-Tae Kim*, Woo-Yeol Kim
Graduate school of Pukyung National University, *Samyoung M-Tek Co.
After casting button-type small ingots of ternary Fe-Mn-S alloys which had three different Mn/S ratios (1, 5 and 70) in a vacuum arc furnace, the effect of the ratio on the sulfide formation was investigated. In case of the Mn/S ratio of 1, if alloy composition was located in an iron-rich corner on a Fe-Mn-S ternary phase diagram, only duplex MnS-FeS sulfide films were observed in the grain boundary. If the alloy composition was located in the miscibility gap area of the phase diagram, primary globular dendritic sulfides and dendritic sulfide slags were generated within the grain and tubular monotectic sulfides were also detected in the grain boundary. When the Mn/S ratio was 5, if the alloy composition was in the iron-rich corner, only bead-like sulfides were generated. On the other hand, if the composition was in the miscibility gap area, globular dendritic sulfides and dendritic sulfide slags were generated in the form of primary sulfide inclusions and rod-like eutectic sulfides were observed in the grain boundary. Especially, if the contents of Mn and S increased more in the miscibility gap area of the phase diagram, primary globular sulfides containing iron intrusions were observed. In case of Mn/S ratio of 70, if the contents of Mn and S was decreased in the Fe corner of the phase diagram, only bead-like sulfides were observed in the grain boundary. Despite the composition was outside the miscibility gap area of the phase diagram, if the contents of Mn and S increased, clusters of fine sulfide particles as well as fine spherical primary monophase sulfides were observed in the grain boundary.
Fe-Mn-S alloys, Sulfide inclusions and morphology, Mn/S ratios.