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pISSN : 1598-706X / eISSN : 2288-8381


한국주조공학회지 (26권2호 85-91)

A Study on the Effect of Inclusions on the Fatigue Life of Titanium Investment Castings

티타늄 정밀주조품의 피로수명에 미치는 개재물의 영향에 관한 연구

Yong-Kuk Park, P. L. Ret*, Jin-Gon K im

Catholic University o f Daegu, *A ir Force Research Lab, Wright-Patterson A ir Force


Inclusions in Ti investment castings are generally known to have detrimental effects on the performance of the castings. However, actual inclusions are infrequent and hard to be located. As a result, it is extremely difficult to obtain sufficient amount of fatigue test specimens of titanium investment castings having inclusions in the gage section. Thus, in-depth research of the adverse influence of inclusions is also hindered. To address this problem, a new casting methodology of specimens containing hard alpha inclusions was developed in this study. To guarantee successful introduction of an inclusion and casting, a carefully designed mold with 8 legs and a special tool were employed. After solidification, castings were cut, and X-ray radiography determined that the inclusions were successfully incorporated into the castings. The castings were further prepared to obtain multiple test specimens and they were fatigue- tested consecutively. Fractography analysis confirmed that fatigue cracks initiated at the hard alpha inclusion. In a nonlinear regression model, the fatigue life can be modeled as an exponential function with a negative exponent of the cross-sectional area of an inclusion. The fatigue life of Ti specimens containing inclusions is inversely proportional to the cross-sectional area of an inclusion.


Titanium investment casting, Ti-6A1-4V alloy, Ceramic shell inclusions, Hard alpha inclusion, Fatigue life, X-ray radiography.