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pISSN : 1598-706X / eISSN : 2288-8381


한국주조공학회지 (20권6호 386-394)

The Effect of Y Addition on the Microstructure and Mechanical Property of Rapidly Solidified AZ91 Alloy

급속응고한 AZ91합금의 미세조직 및 기계적 특성에 미치는 Y첨가의 영향

Jae-Young Choi, Hoon-Mo Park, Tae-Woon Nam

Han Yang University


In the present study, the effect of yttrium addition on the microstructure and mechanical property of rapidly solidified AZ91 alloy by melt spinning process is estimated. As yttrium was added, the microstructure of RS ribbons and extrudates became finer than those of AZ91, and RE related phases (AIQRE) were formed. In the case of the addition of 3wt%Y, the rnicrostructure of extrude showed the finest grain size. At room temperature, the AZ91 + 3wt%Y alloy showed the highest tensile strength, 352 MPa due to precipitation of fi(Mg1,Al,2) phase and AIZRE phase. At the elevated temperature, the mechanical property of AZ91 + 3wt%Y alloy was higher than those of other Mg alloys. The reasons were that Al2Y compound was thermally stable and suppressed the grain growth. In contrast with Al2Y compounds, [3 phase was thermally unstable and could not suppress the grain growth at the elevated temperature. Therefore, Al2Y phase contributed to improve the thermal stability of RS AZ91 alloy.