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pISSN : 1598-706X / eISSN : 2288-8381


한국주조공학회지 (20권5호 290-299)

Three-dimensional Numerical Modeling of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Continuously Cast Billets

연속주조 빌렛의 3차원 열 및 유동해석

Sung-Yoon Lee, Sang-Mok Lee, Joong-Kil Park*, Chun-Pyo Hong

Yonsei Univ., *POSCO


A three-dimensional model was developed in order to simulate heat and fluid flow of a continuous casting billet. The model was coded with the general-purpose CFD program FIDAP, using the finite element method. The present model consists of 2 individual calculation schemes, named model 1 and model 2. Mold region only was calculated to check the pouring stream through submerged nozzle with model 1. Entire region, which consists of mold, secondary cooling, radiation cooling was calculated to predict crater end position, temperature profile and solid shell profile(model 2). Standard turbulence model has been applied to simulate the turbulent flow induced by submerged nozzle. Enthalpy method was adopted for the latent heat of solidification. Fluid flow in mushy zone was treated using variable viscosity approach. The more casting speed and superheat increased, the more metallurgical length increased. The shell thickness at the mold exit is proved to be mainly controlled by superheat by the present simulation. It may be concluded that the present model can be successfully applied far the prediction of heat and fluid flow behavior in the continuous casting process.