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pISSN : 1598-706X / eISSN : 2288-8381


한국주조공학회지 (38권6호 111-120)

Effects of the Solid Solution Treatment Conditions and Casting Methods on Mechanical Properties of Al-Si-Cu Based Alloys

Al-Si-Cu계 합금의 주조법과 용체화처리 조건이 기계적 특성변화에 미치는 영향

Min-Kook Moon*, Young-Chan Kim**, Yu-Mi Kim**, Se-Weon Choi**, Chang-Seog Kang** and Sung-Kil Hong***†

*Institute of LG Chemistry,**Korea Institute of Industrial Technology,***Chonnam National University


In this study, the effects of two different casting methods (gravity casting and, diecasting) and various solid-solution conditions on the mechanical properties of ASC (Al-10.5wt%Si-1.75wt%Cu) and ALDC12 (Al-10.3wt%Si-1.72wt%Cu-0.76wt% Fe-0.28wt% Mn-0.32wt%Mg-0.9wt%Zn) alloys were investigated. A thermodynamic solidification analysis program (PANDAT) was used to predict the liquidus, solidus, and phases of the used alloys. In the results of an XRD analysis, β-AlFeSi peaks were observed only in the ALDC12 alloy regardless of the casting method or SST (solid-solution treatment) conditions. However, according to the results of a FE solution treatment) conditions. However, according to the results of a FE-SEM observation, both θ(Al2Cu) and β-AlFeSi were found to exist besides α-Al and eutectic Si in the gravity-casted ASC alloy at 500oC after a SST of 120min. The α-AlFeSi and β β-AlFeSi phases including the eutectic phases were also found to exist in the ALDC12 alloy. The results of a microstructural observation and analyses by XRD, FE-SEM and EDS were in good agreement with the PANDAT results. The gravity-casted ALDC12 and ASC specimens showed the highest Y.S. and UTS values after aging for three hours at 180oC after a SST at 500oC for 30min. At longer solid-solution treatment times at 500oC in the gravity-casted ALDC12 and ASC specimens, the elongations of the ASC alloys increased, whereas they decreased slightly in the ALDC12 alloys.


Al-Si-Cu, ALDC12, Gravity casting, Die casting, Solid solution treatment, PANDAT, Microstructures, Mechanical properties